A useful model for understanding the nature and extent of drug-related difficulties is the Health Triangle. The Health triangle is a triangle that discusses the different issues when talking about a health subject or in this case alcohol. This triangle has 3 points: Physical, Social and Mental. This model can be used to form resolutions to a problem or it can be just a way to inform people of a certain issue.
Alcohol’s affect on our body, mainly our health.
Alcohol has many different physical affects on our body. Some of these (depending on how much we drink) lasts for a short amount of time, these are called the short term effects. These last only for a short time but others can develop and worsen throughout your whole life. When they do worsen, they are called the long term effects.
The Short Term Effects
This table below shows the effects that alcohol has on our body:
|0.05g %||Talkative, relaxed and more confident.|
|0.05-0.08g %||Talkative, Acts +Feels Self Confident, Judgment+ Movement Impaired, Inhibitions Reduced.|
|0.08-0.15g%||Speech Blurred, Balance + Co-ordination Impaired, Reflexes Slowed, Visual Attentions Impaired, Unstable Emotions, Nausea/ Vomiting.|
|.15-.3g%||Unable to Walk, Sleepy, Laboured Breathing, Dementia, Loss of Bladder Control, Unconsciousness.|
|0.3g% or above||Death or Coma|
As we can see, the higher the blood alcohol level the higher the damage done to your body.
The Long Term Effects
The long term effects develop over time and cause many many problems. The long term effects are damaging to the brain,heart and gastrointestinal system the most. They also affect the metabolism of a person and the blood.
1. The Brain Goes through:
2. The Heart Goes Through:
3. The GIT (gastrointestinal system) goes through:
The social point of the triangle discusses alcohol’s affects on our social life meaning our relationships with our loved ones.
EmotionalThis discusses the harms of alcohol to a person’s mental wellbeing and their emotions.
- Depression: Because alcohol is a depressant, it will cause you to be happy when drunk but in sobriety, it will make you depressed. Being depressed means that you feel sad all the time and you are more fatigued, distracted and you have less self-esteem. This depression when not treated properly can be extremely harmful and may cause suicide or self-harm in extreme cases.
- Anxiety: Alcohol decreases activity in the brain’s nervous system. That combined with the physical stresses that alcohol causes can cause anxiety. Anxiety is when you constantly feel angry, aggravated, irritated or just annoyed all the time. This, as
previously mentioned, can cause break downs of relationships and lead to depression.
- Mood Swings: We know alcohol causes the brain to slow down. Alcohol also causes serotonin levels (the chemical responsible for sending out mood signals to your brain) to decrease. This means that your brain and your body will be out of sync with its mood and emotions. This can cause severe mood swings such the constant change of emotion.